Documents & Pictures of the Past

Antarctica Photographs of the Civil War
Arizona STS-133 Discovery Landing Day - March 9, 2011
Astronomy Space Shuttle Pictures
Empire State Building Construction The Charters of Freedom
House of the Rising Sun Vietnam Veterans Memorial
Lady of Freedom What a Wonderful World
Map of WWII - Europe  


James Butler "Will Bill" Hickok

This photograph was taken in 1873 when Hickock was
a member of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, "Wild Bill"
was a keen pistoleer know for his rapid draw and fire of
the Colt Model 1851 Navy .36 caliber revolvers he were
butt forward on his gun belt, as shown here. 

George Armstrong Custer
During the Civil War, George Armstrong Custer (1839-1876)
was one of the Union's most dashing military leaders and
rose to the rank of major general.  Later, Custer and 262
men of the Seventh Cavalry were killed at the Little Bighorn
during the battle With Sioux and Cheyenne warriors.

Jesse James

This is an early photograph of Jesse James taken during
the Civil War.  Jesse James later served with Quantrill's
Raiders, the infamous Missouri guerrilla group, and joined
with his brother Frank in 1865 to form their outlaw band.
At age 34, James was shot from behind and killed by
Robert Ford

Curley, General Custer's Scout, Crow Indian, 1883

Curley was one of several Indian scouts who rode with the
Seventh Cavalry led by Lt.-Col. George Armstrong Custer
in 1876.  The Crow Indians regularly served in U.S. Army
scouts during the 1870s.  This photograph was taken in
1883, seven years after the Battle of the Little Bighorn

William Frederick Cody

William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody was an American soldier, bison hunter and showman. He was born in the Iowa Territory (now the American state of Iowa), near Le Claire. He was one of the most colorful figures of the American Old West, and mostly famous for the shows he organized with cowboy themes. Buffalo Bill received the Medal of Honor in 1872. William Frederick Cody was born, February 26, 1846, near Le Claire, Iowa, died January 10, 1917 (aged 70), Denver, Colorado, resting place Lookout Mountain, Golden, Colorado, spouse(s) Louisa Frederici (1843-1921) (m. 1866–1917) start: (1866-03-06)–end, (1918), marriage: Louisa Frederici (1843-1921) to Buffalo Bill", location, four children, two of whom died young: Kit died of scarlet fever in April, 1876, and his daughter Orra died in 1880.

Oct. 3, 1862. Lincoln at the Battlefield of Antietam.

Oct. 4, 1862 his Emancipation Proclamation appeared
for the first time on the pages of Harper's Weekly, the
most widely distributed newspaper of the day.

Ford's Theater, Washington, DC
This photograph illustrates the location where Abraham Lincoln
 was shot in 1865, showing what the area looked like at the time
of the assassination.


7th December 1941


Pearl Harbor

On Sunday, December 7th, 1941 the Japanese launched a surprise attack against the U.S. Forces stationed at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. By planning his attack on a Sunday, the Japanese commander Admiral Nagumo, hoped to catch the entire fleet in port. As luck would have it, the Aircraft Carriers and one of the Battleships were not in port. (The USS Enterprise was returning from Wake Island, where it had just delivered some aircraft. The USS Lexington was ferrying aircraft to Midway, and the USS Saratoga and USS Colorado were undergoing repairs in the United States.) 

In spite of the latest intelligence reports about the missing aircraft carriers (his mo! st important targets), Admiral Nagumo decided to continue the attack with his force of six carriers and 423 aircraft. At a range of 230 miles north of
Oahu, he launched the first wave of a two-wave attack. Beginning at 0600 hours his first wave consisted of 183 fighters and torpedo bombers which struck at the fleet in
Pearl Harbor and the airfields in Hickam, Kaneohe and Ewa. The second strike, launched at 0715 hours, consisted of 167 aircraft, which again struck at the same targets. 

At 0753 hours the first wave consisting of 40 Nakajima B5N2 "Kate" torpedo bombers, 51 Aichi D3A1 "Val" dive bombers, 50 high altitude bombers and 43 Zeros struck airfields and
Pearl Harbor. Within the next hour, the second wave arrived and continued the attack.

When it was over, the
U.S. losses were:

    USA: 218 KIA, 364 WIA.
    USN: 2,008 KIA, 710 WIA.
  &nbs! p; USMC: 109 KIA, 69 WIA.
    Civilians: 68 KIA, 35 WIA.
    TOTAL: 2,403 KIA, 1,178 WIA.

    USS Arizona (BB-39) - total loss when a bomb hit her magazine.
    USS Oklahoma (BB-37) - Total loss when she capsized and sunk in the harbor.
    USS California (BB-44) - Sunk at her berth. Later raised and repaired.
    USS West Virginia (BB-48) - Sunk at her berth. Later raised and repaired.
    USS Nevada - (BB-36) Beached to prevent sinking. Later repaired.
    USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) - Light damage.
    USS Maryland (BB-46) - Light damage.
    USS Tennessee (BB-43) Light damage.
    USS Utah (AG-16) - (former battleship used as a target) - Sunk.

    USS New Or! leans (CA-32) - Light Damage.
    USS San Francisco (CA38) - Light Damage.
    USS Detroit (CL-8) - Light Damage.
    USS Raleigh (CL-7) - Heavily damaged but repaired.
    USS Helena (CL-50) - Light Damage.
    USS Honolulu (CL-48) - Light Damage.

    USS Downes (DD-375) - Destroyed. Parts salvaged.
    USS Cassin - (DD-372) Destroyed. Parts salvaged.
    USS Shaw (DD-373) - Very heavy damage.
    USS Helm (DD-388) - Light Damage.

    USS Ogala (CM-4) - Sunk but later raised and repaired.

Seaplane Tender
    USS Curtiss (AV-4) - Severely damaged but later repaired.

Repair Ship
    USS Vestal (AR-4) - Severely damaged but later repaired.

Harbor Tug
    USS Sotoyomo (YT-9) - Sunk but later raised and repaired.

    188 Aircraft destroyed (92 USN and 92 U.S. Army Air Corps.)